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Truman Biography #19027

ABC Evening News for Tuesday, Dec 26, 1972
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(Studio) Truman one of US's most remarkable leaders
REPORTER: Howard K. Smith

(No location given) Truman obscure judge from Independence when went to DC. FDR's death made him President ten years later. April 12, 1945, took oath of office as US's 33rd President [Excerpts from Truman's first speech to Congress given.] War was soon over in Europe but Japanese fought on. Truman went to San Francisco for charter meeting of UN. Traveled to Potsdam for session with Stalin and Clement Atlee. Gave order to drop atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Surrender ceremonies took place on battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay. Was moment of glory for General Douglas MacArthur. Cold war began. USSR blockaded West Berlin. Truman responded with airlift. In 1948 Truman ran for election. Polls said Truman didn't have chance against Republican Tom Dewey. Chicago "Tribune" published early report that Dewey beat Truman, but in final count Truman won. [TRUMAN - mimics radio commentator H.V. Kaltenborn who also thought Truman lost.] Truman drew line against Communist aggression in Korea. Truman fired Douglas MacArthur when latter continuously disregarded his orders. At home, broke railroad strikes. His seizure of steel industry overturned by Supreme Court. Truman chose not to run again. Returned to Independence in 1953. Honored by National Press Club in Washington, DC at age 80. [TRUMAN - says his wife told him it was time to make a few friends.] Historians judge Truman as close to greatness as President

(Studio) ABC presents hour special on Truman tonight at 7:30 EST. Thursday is national day of mourning. President Nixon will fly to Independence for wreath-laying ceremony tomorrow. ABC coverage of events begins tomorrow 2 p.m. EST.
REPORTER: Howard K. Smith

Clark, Bob;
Smith, Howard K.

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