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Busing / NAACP and Legal Test #19776

ABC Evening News for Friday, Mar 17, 1972
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(Studio) NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) promises to challenge any antibusing law passed by Congress Org's. chief Washington, DC rap., Clarence Mitchell, criticizes President plan.
REPORTER: Howard K. Smith

(DC] [MITCHELL - says proposal is disaster for civil rights and will push nation back to 1896 "Plessey-Ferguson" decision.]
REPORTER: Bill Downs

(DC) Final legal test on Constitutionality of busing moratorium would come from Supreme Court Except for justices Powell and Rehnquist, it would be same court which unanimously approved busing last year for Charlotte, North Carolina. This test would not be on legality of busing, however, but on whether Congress has power to suspend execution of court orders handed down to safeguard a constitutional right. [Secretary HEW, Elliot RICHARDSON - says 14th Amendment provides that Congress may legislate to implement rights protected by 14th Amendment. Says Constitution provides Congress with authority to make rules affecting court jurisdictions. ] [Former Supreme Court Justice, Arthur GOLDBERG - says Nixon's is an unconstitutional proposal. Says Congress has power to enforce amendment requiring equality (as in Sup. Cts.' "Brown versus Board of Education)", not to deny it. Says Nixon is trying to restore discredited doctrine of separate but equal.]
REPORTER: Sam Donaldson

Donaldson, Sam;
Downs, Bill;
Smith, Howard K.

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