CBS Evening News for Monday, Feb 05, 1973
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(Studio) House committee opens hearings on shield legislation to protect reporters' sources.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite
(DC) Reporters constantly getting information from sources who want to remain anonymous. Over years reporters have gone to jail to protect confidential sources. In 1959 Marie Torre, television critic, went to jail 10 days for refusing to reveal story about Judy Garland. [TORRE - says those aware of wrongdoing in government must feel free to talk to reporters about it and be able to remain unknown to public.] Situation got worse during Chicago convention in 1968. Flood of subpoenas followed. Media resisted. Last summer Supreme Court ruled 5-4 reporters could be forced to give up notes, tapes or film by courts Earl Caldwell refused to testify about articles written with regard to Black Panthers. Caldwell talks with reporter Richard Threlkeld. [New York "Times" reporter CALDWELL - says disappointed by Supreme Court decision. Ruling makes effective journalism impossible.] [Reporter Peter BRIDGE - says distrusts guidelines designed to limit subpoena of sources. Guidelines can be changed at whim of Attorney General Laws more effective.] [Saint Paul "Dispatch and Pioneer Press" chief John FINNEGAN - tells reporter Jeff Williams question is whether press will become investigative arm of government] [Senator Alan CRANSTON - favors free press law.]
REPORTER: Bruce Morton (KDKA-TV) Artist: Howard Brodie