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Lebanon / Truce / Syria / Background #242508

CBS Evening News for Thursday, Jan 22, 1976
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(Studio) 24th cease-fire in effect in Lebanon. President Suleiman Franjieh says Syrian-mediated agreement incls. principles for political solution to problem.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite

(Beirut, Lebanon) Reporter hears sounds of weapons; says no heavy fighting in business district. Damour still aglow; taken over 2 days ago by Moslems and Palestinians.
REPORTER: John Sheahan

(Studio) New agreement calls for return of displaced persons to areas occupied before war; retreat of all armed men to their bases; improvement of Moslems' economy condition and redistribution of political power.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite

(Damascus, Syria) Syrian leaders faced with problem of insuring no reprisals on either side. Interior minister Camille Chamoun seen as stumbling block to compromise; believed he wants all-out Mideast war.

(Studio) Profile report of Lebanon.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite

(Lebanon) Lebanon has been bridge between E. and West Roman influence noted. Lebanon part of Turkish Empire for 500 years Mt. Lebanon was Christian district. After World War I, France took Syria and Mt. Lebanon as mandated territories, adding Moslem areas which formed Lebanon. Independence after World War II based on Christian predominance. Office of president reserved for Christian, premier was Moslem and major parliament were Christian. After 1948, Palestinian refugees poured in. In 1958, Christian President Camille Chamoun asked for United States help to stave off Nasserist and Communist subversion. American Marines landed to find Chamoun trying to fortify his own position. Chamoun again calls for intervention. Palestinians more militant; take over S.E. Lebanon. Moslems focus on Palestinians as exponents of social change. Everyone armed in conflict and Syria and Israel could intervene.
REPORTER: Richard C. Hottelet

Cronkite, Walter;
Hottelet, Richard C.;
Lee, Mike;
Sheahan, John

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