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Lebanon / Civil War Background #247175

CBS Evening News for Wednesday, Jul 28, 1976
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(Studio) Fighting conts. in Lebanon.
REPORTER: Roger Mudd

(Lebanon) 1970 film shows Lebanon, which was most peaceful and prosperous of Arab ntns. Christians ran country economy and political In October 1974, the Arabs leaders agreed in Morocco to recognize PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) as sole representative of Palestinians. In November 1974, PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) leader Yasir Arafat addressed United Nations and demanded homeland. Arafat decided to turn Lebanon into base for operations against Israel. Christians resisted PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) and civil war began. PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) and leftist groups gained upper hand at 1st. Lebanese army collapsed. Bus. community fled. Syria encouraged PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) and USSR backed its allies. Syria began to fear Palestinian success early this year They moved army into Lebanon in awkward alliance with Christians against PLO. PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) began to fall apart. Libya, Iraq and Egypt support PLO. Opposition to PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) comes from: Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Algeria and Kuwait. USSR for PLO; United States opposes it. Syria controls eastern Lebanon; Christian area of control noted. Leftists control west Beirut as far as Israeli border. No one able to stop Lebanon's war.
REPORTER: Marvin Kalb

Kalb, Marvin;
Mudd, Roger

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