CBS Evening News for Wednesday, Oct 19, 1977
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(Studio) South African government makes sweeping crackdown on blacks in cntry.; details noted. Move brings quick protest from US.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite
(Johannesburg, South Africa) Report on banning of black orgs., arrests made and business closings in South Africa. Among businesses closed is cntry.'s only black daily newspaper and 2nd largest in cntry., "The World." [Justice min. James KRUGER - says government adamant about clearing up country once and for all and reaching point of stability so that normal lives can go on as before.] "World" editor Percy Qoboza calls press conf., but is arrested before it begins. [MAN - announces conference called off because of Qoboza arrest.] "World" staff votes to continue working despite ban. Among others banned are Black People's Convention and leader Kenneth Rachidi, and Christian Institution organization Last time Rachidi was seen in public was at funeral for black leader Steve Biko. Christian Institution is led by Reverend Robert Robertson, who says government action is futile. [ROBERTSON - doesn't think arrests and bans will stop unrest and dissent, because it is now in each black heart.] South Africa has never before taken such massive action against liberal and anti-government groups; security in Johannesburg is tight and no one is allowed into Soweto. Action by government seems to indicate that despite mounting pressure from outside world, government no longer willing to tolerate criticism of racial policies.
REPORTER: Robin Wright
(DC) Report on United States reaction to South Africa government actions; major public campaign is launched to pressure Pretoria government to reverse decisions. State Department spokesperson's statement noted. At UN, reporter Richard C. Hottelet gets reaction from delegates. [Nigeria ambassador Leslie HARRIMAN - believes such actions mean end has come.] [Tanzania ambassador Salim Ahmed SALIM - says South Africa government leaves no alternative to African people but violence, because they block all avenues to peaceful settlement.] United States needs South Africa's help in heading off race war in Rhodesia, so tough rhetoric hasn't yet been followed up by tough action.
REPORTER: Marvin Kalb
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