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South Africa / Biko Death Autopsy Report / United Nations Action / Carter #249118

CBS Evening News for Tuesday, Oct 25, 1977
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(Studio) protests stirred against white minority government of South Africa when black leader Steve Biko was found dead in Pretoria jail last month Results of autopsy report released today are likely to stir more.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite

(Johannesburg, South Africa) Although test results haven't been officially released by government, they have been given to government officials and has been learned that they conclude that Biko died of head injuries. Evidence of other injuries also reported; details noted. Lab testing finds no evidence that Biko went without food and water, as government claims. Pathologists on case won't comment, neither will justice minister James Kruger, although he does say government will act swiftly. [KRUGER - says attorney general will decide if inquest needed. If so, as he expects, he'll arrange early court] Some critics fear government will skip inquest and go to criminal proceeding, which could prevent full disclosure of facts. [Law school dean John DUGARD - notes there will be public mistrust of proceedings if this occurs.] Biko's widow doesn't doubt cause of death. [Mrs. BIKO - feels husband must have been beaten by police in cells.] (Transcript of Mrs. Biko's comment on screen.) Critics both within South Africa and abroad will now certainly have new ammo against government here.
REPORTER: Robin Wright

(Studio) Black African delegates to United Nations press for punishment of South Africa; Carter administration seeks own action, possibly to forestall potentially embarrassing United Nations vote.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite

(DC) president Carter says he's made up mind with regard to United States stand in United Nations action re: South Africa, but gives no details. Decision apparently made after top-level meeting on Monday, which ambassador Andrew Young attended. Young has said he personally favors some sanctions against South Africa. possible United States sanctions listed; all involve complications and will have to be discussed with allies in west Europe and Africa. [CARTER - thinks there are varying kinds and degrees of sanctions. What United States wants is resolution of South African threats against peace.] United States moves slowly, checking United Nations action before moving on own.
REPORTER: Marvin Kalb

(New York City) United Nations Security Council discusses demand of black African states that sanctions be imposed under section of United Nations Charter that would make them binding to all members [Nigeria external affairs commissioner Joseph GARBA - notes previous condemnations of South African actions have done little and says own delegation won't stand for another one. Calls for embargos, especially in oil and arms, against South Africa.] Importance of Nigeria in African pols., in oil industry and to United States noted; United States has worked on relations with Nigeria to get help for peaceful change in Rhodesia and Namibia. Carter scheduled to visit Nigeria in November Nigeria goes for big sanction in suggesting oil embargo. Behind scenes, United States, Britain, France, Canada and West Germany work for compromise.
REPORTER: Richard C. Hottelet

Cronkite, Walter;
Hottelet, Richard C.;
Kalb, Marvin;
Wright, Robin

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