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Africa / Zaire and United States Position / Ethiopia / Communists / Kaunda Visit #257875

CBS Evening News for Wednesday, May 17, 1978
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(Studio) Reports from Zaire's Shaba prov. that government troops have recaptured airport at Kolwezi from invading rebels and that there conts. to be heavy fighting in town noted. Evacuation of Americans from battle area reported.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite

(DC) United States aid plans for Zaire detailed; congress restriction on amount of aid that can be sent to cntrys. that cannot pay debts, like Zaire, mentioned. Evacuation of most Americans in war zone by company employing many of them and number of those remaining, some of whom are missionaries, reported Contd. readiness to go to Zaire of 82nd Airborne Div., based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, noted. [State Department spokesperson Hodding CARTER - says United States military preparedness shouldn't be construed as government having no confidence in Zaire's ability to protect citizens.] Reports with regard to alleged effect of rebel activity in Kolwezi on mineral product in Shaba prov. detailed, as well as concerns for what this could mean for President Mobutu's regime.
REPORTER: Marvin Kalb

(Studio) House International Relations Committee's study on legislature restrictions on foreign assistance, in apparent response to President Carter's concerns, noted. Report is on White House, Pentagon and State Department concern with regard to growing USSR and Cuban influence in area.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite

(DC) No. of Cuban troops and advisers in Africa, particularly in Angola and Ethiopia, where they helped expel Somalis from Ogaden Desert and now participate in battle with Eritreans, and aspects of this presence along with support from USSR , examined. Cuban involvement in Angola conflict in 1975 and subsequent aid to guerrillas in Zambia and Mozambique in border attacks on Rhodesia mentioned. President Carter's recent statement on Communist involvement in Africa quoted.
REPORTER: Ike Pappas

(Studio) Statements of Ethiopian leader that Cubans, Sovs. and others from socialist ntns. are fighting with Ethiopians against Eritreans quoted and State Department's view that this may be propaganda reported Reports on fighting near Asmara and along Red Sea coast detailed. President Carter's meeting with Zambia President Kenneth Kaunda in Washington, DC noted.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite

(DC) Presence of first women in White House honor guard during welcoming ceremonies for Kaunda noted. [CARTER - states that United States hopes for Rhodesia are same as Kaunda's are, as are hopes for Namibia and all of south Africa.] [KAUNDA - says Carter African policy reflects new era in United States attitude toward African issues.] Issues confronting both men are Zaire troubles and growing Cuban and USSR presence in Africa.
REPORTER: Robert Pierpoint

(Studio) Kaunda's comments to reporters on Cuban troop presence in Africa quoted.
REPORTER: Walter Cronkite

Cronkite, Walter;
Kalb, Marvin;
Pappas, Ike;
Pierpoint, Robert

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