CBS Evening News for Tuesday, Aug 06, 1985
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(Studio) Report introduced
REPORTER: Bob Schieffer
(Moscow, USSR ) Soviet exploitation of anniversaries of United States atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki for anti-US propaganda featured; films shown. Mikhail Gorbachev's recent proposed nuclear testing moratorium recalled. [Journalist Vikenti MATVEEV - questions United States unwillingness to halt nuclear arms race.] Simplicity of USSR argument outlined, illustrated by American students' performance of play "Peace Child" here. Soviet version of Hiroshima described. [Journalist Gennady GERASIMOV - considers US bombing of Japan first act of Cold War; claims Harry Truman bombed Japan as message to USSR .] Link between Hiroshima and Star Wars, as perceived by USSR , considered.
REPORTER: Mark Phillips
(DC) Revisionist historians' argument that United States bombing of Hiroshima was strategically unnecessary in war with Japan examined. ["Atomic Diplomacy" author Gar ALPEROVITZ - claims bomb was unnecessary as Japan was trying to surrender.] [Council on For. Relations spokesperson Chalmers ROBERTS - recalls anti-Japanese atmosphere in United States prior to Hiroshima due to Japan's barbarity; cites Philippines as example] [ALPEROVITZ - considers Hiroshima's effect on current US-USSR relations] ["For. Affairs" editor William HYLAND - disagrees; explains.]
REPORTER: Bruce Morton