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Truman Biography #462080

NBC Evening News for Tuesday, Dec 26, 1972
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(Studio) Truman was one of last President to be born on farm.
REPORTER: John Chancellor

Truman born poor. Worked hard. John Anderson Truman was Harry's father; mother was Martha Ellen Young. Truman joined National Guard's 35th division. Commanded Battery D in 129th Field Artillery in France in WW I. Married Bess Wallace after war. Went into haberdashery business with war pal, Edward Jacobson. Lost everything in depression in 1921. Truman's political career began with building of roads in Jackson County, Missouri. Nom. to Senate by Democrat machine of Missouri led by Tom Pendergast. Criticized for friendship with Pendergast, Truman stood by him anyway. Didn't want 1944 nom. for Vice President, but accepted it as friend of FDR. April 12, 1945, FDR died and Truman became President [TRUMAN - prays for help as President] Truman went to Potsdam to meat Winston Churchill and Joe. Stalin. Ordered atomic bomb to be dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan surrendered aboard battleship Missouri to General Douglas MacArthur. Went to San Francisco for charter meeting of UN. Helped Europe with Marshall Plan. Authorized Berlin airlift. Beat Thomas Dewey in 1948 even though everyone said he would lose, include Democrats Henry Wallace and J. Strom Thurmond who ran for President on own tickets. [TRUMAN - says will win.] And he did. [TRUMAN - mimics radio commentator H.V. Kaltenborn, who thought Truman defeated by Dewey.] Truman promoted NATO. Truman upset when Chinese ntlist. government of Chiang Kai-shek thrown over by Communist Mao Tse-tung. Next year North Korea invaded South Korea, and Truman ordered troops in with help UN. Fired General Douglas MacArthur when General wrote about desire to invade mainland China. Truman faced disapproval without apology. [TRUMAN - says world peace more important than any individual.] Truman attacked by Joe McCarthy for coddling Communists in government Truman decided not to run in 1952. Campaigned hard for Adlai Stevenson, but General Dwight D. Eisenhower won. Truman retired to Independence, Missouri. Wrote memoirs at Truman Memorial Library. Library holds his state papers. In 1956 hoped to get Averell Harriman nom. for President When failed, worked again for Adlai Stevenson. Courage and humility of Truman apparent to all Americans In farewell address to nation these qualities revealed. [TRUMAN - says when FDR died, he felt must be 1 million men better qualified for office than he, but work was his and he intended to do his best.]
REPORTER: (Narration: No reporter given)

(Studio) Later tonight NBC presents 1/2 hour memorial program on Truman, 11:30 EST.
REPORTER: John Chancellor

Reporter(s):
Chancellor, John
Duration:
00:12:50

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