ABC Evening News for Tuesday, Oct 04, 1977
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(Studio) Diplomats from E. and West meet in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in what is called Conf. on Security and Cooperation in Europe; among topics to be discussed in next 3 mos. is controversial 1 of human rights. Conf. was born of idea proposed by USSR in 1954, but not until 1975, was pact, known as Helsinki Agreement, signed by Leonid Brezhnev and Gerald Ford at mtg. in Helsinki, Finland. (Film shown.) To USSR , agreement is confirmation of own control of eastern Europe, include lands taken by force during and after World War II. West may have struck better bargain by include in final agreement issue of human rights. Since agreement signed, United States has led fight to improve conditions for Soviet-bloc citizens; USSR has claimed this threatens other facets of US-USSR relations Even west ntns. like France and West Germany indicated President Carter too outspoken on human rights issue; new United States administration hasn't dealt with issue publicly in last 3 mos., but it remains major issue at Belgrade conference
REPORTER: Peter Jennings
(Belgrade, Yugoslavia) United States plans to charge USSR with denying human rights to some of its people. Chief United States spokesperson, Ambassador Authur Goldberg, says he thinks it can be done without provoking confrontation with Soviet representatives, but this may be underestimation. Details of United States charges against USSR , particularly with regard to treatment of scientist Yuri Orlov and others, in violation of promises made at Helsinki, noted. USSR will probably come back at United States with charges of human rights misconduct with regard to blacks and other mins. in US.
REPORTER: John Scali
(Belgrade, Yugoslavia) Debate with regard to human rights begins. In Moscow, Brezhnev speaks with regard to new Communist constitution for USSR , saying it gives more freedoms to Soviet citizens than any document ever written; in Belgrade, conference debate opens with Dutch and Norwegians denouncing Communist cntries. for disregarding human rights of people. Appears that at least on issue of human rights, confrontation between E. and West may be unavoidable.
REPORTER: Peter Jennings
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