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Desegregation / Civil Rights Commission Report / Busing / Louisville, Kentucky / Berkeley, California #489688

NBC Evening News for Tuesday, Aug 24, 1976
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REPORTER:John Chancellor

(Studio) United States Civil Rights Commission issues report on 10-month study of school integration in country Commission says desegregation has been success, but not helped by President Ford or Congress
REPORTER: John Chancellor

(DC) [Commission chairperson Arthur FLEMMING - says commission decides desegregation works.] Flemming says it worked because most places desegregated peacefully; troubled areas were fault of officials' failure to support desegregation plans, especially busing. Commission says busing is only way to desegregate quickly. Is known President and Congress won't support busing in election campaign and may try to restrict courts [FLEMMING - says if constitutional amendment passed with regard to desegregation it would weaken rights of people.] [NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) representative Clarence MITCHELL - warns breakouts in Belfast, Beirut, etc., nothing to what would happen in United States if attempt made to pass amendment designed to take away rights minorities have fought for.] Commission officials want to meet with president candidates and members of Congress for briefings on report before campaign gets in full swing.
REPORTER: Carole Simpson

(Studio) Commission report praises Berkeley, California, school district and criticizes Louisville, Jefferson Cnty., Kentucky, district.
REPORTER: John Chancellor

(Louisville, Kentucky) Reporter recaps demonstrations in Louisville, Kentucky, at opening of schools in 1975 (Film shown.) Civil Rights Commission report says part of problem dub to officials' failure to go on books in favor of busing program. Charge denied by Kentucky officials. [Jefferson Cnty. official Todd HOLLENBACH - says commission has confused desegregation and quality education, which he supports, with busing, which, for Louisville, has been quite detrimental.] Busing opponent Bill KELLERMAN - says desegregation isn't question they're fighting; question is court-ordered busing.] Tensions remain high prior to school openings next week
REPORTER: Roger O'Neil

(Berkeley, California) Commission says school officials' leadership played key role in successful integration of Berkeley schools. Busing on yearly rotating basis began in 1968. School superintendent credits many. [Dr. Laval WILSON - says teachers, board and community have focused attention on skills of youth. Says desegregation has been accomplished and isn't an issue in Berkeley.] 1 reason for successful desegregation in Berkeley is U. of California branch, most of whose large teaching staff backed desegregation and sends its children to Berkeley public schools.
REPORTER: - Rick Davis

Chancellor, John;
Davis, - Rick;
O'Neil, Roger;
Simpson, Carole

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