NBC Evening News for Monday, Oct 10, 1977
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(Studio) Nobel Prize to 2 peace campaigners noted. Peace movement hasn't been entirely successful because causes of fighting between Protestants and Catholics haven't been removed.
REPORTER: David Brinkley
(Londonderry, North Ireland) Londonderry was place that most recent violence between Protestants and Catholics exploded in 1969. Protestants' ancestors came from Scotland and settled here, inside walled city; Catholics were forced to live outside, downhill in area called Bogside, and they remain there today. It's in Londonderry that Irish resistance to British rule is strong as ever. Ilene Simple lives in Bogside and, like many Catholics and Protestants, is tired of violence. She orgs. mtgs. of women; mood is usual one of despair. [WOMEN - cite fears for families and strain on selves.] British say IRA (Irish Republican Army) loses support among Catholics; attacks on civilians have decrd., but those against troops and police, symbols of British rule, have incrd. Division reaches into churches also, as in Saint Eugene's Cathedral in Londonderry. Catholic Church opposes IRA (Irish Republican Army) methods, but supports Irish Catholic aspirations that some day British will leave North Ireland. On other side of towns members of Ebrington Presbyterian Church worship in own way; Reverend William Addley condemns violence, but understands fears of congregation. [ADDLEY - cites fears of Protestants.] After 350 years, 2 groups maintain separateness. Protestants begin to feel IRA (Irish Republican Army) is losing ground and ask why they should compromise now, share political power with Catholics; is this attitude that caused trouble in 1st place. [IRA supporter Finbar O'DOREHY - says they fight because they have to. They want peace as much as anyone, but realize true peace can come only by continuing war.] Both sides want peace, but only on own terms; prejudice has been passed down thru too many generations.
REPORTER: Garrick Utley
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