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Segment 3 (The Psychology of Cults) #496743

NBC Evening News for Tuesday, Nov 21, 1978
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(Studio) Constitution noted to guarantee Americans right to belong to groups they choose. Wk.'s news about Peoples Temple murder/suicides mentioned. Report is on cults.
REPORTER: John Chancellor

(No location given) Reporter Don Harris' interviews of members of Jim Jones' Peoples Temple commune in Guyana just before his death mentioned. Films shown. [WOMAN - thinks Jones has more character than anyone she's seen; thinks he's good man.] Study of cults in recent years by psychologists and psychiatrists outlined; studies noted to have been about cults not associated with violence. Exs. of cults given include Hare Krishna, Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church, Church of Scientology and Synanon. Former members stated reasons for joining cults reported [University of California at Los Angeles Med. School spokesperson Dr. David HILLISCH - discusses cultists' reasons for joining.] Typical cult leader described. [University of California at Los Angeles Med. School spokesperson Dr. Thomas UNGERLEIDER - lists other characteristics of cult leader Discusses group pressure phenomenon that causes cultists to do unusu. things.] Allegations that some cults have engaged in violence mentioned. Psychologists' analysis of reasons for Guyana incident with Jim Jones Peoples Temple detailed. [HILLISCH - discusses isolation of Temple settlement in Guyana as one reason for mass following of Jones' order for suicide.] Is stated that these ideas are only clues to cult behavior.
REPORTER: Robert Bazell

Bazell, Robert;
Chancellor, John

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