NBC Evening News for Monday, Jun 26, 1978
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(Studio) Dangers to fetus of woman's smoking during pregnancy mentioned. New investigation being done into irreversible dangers to fetus of woman's drinking alcohol during pregnancy is subject of report
REPORTER: David Brinkley
(No location given) Details given about causes and results of fetal alcohol syndrome; symptoms listed. Case of 4-yr.-old Melissa given as ex. [Melissa's MOTHER - was drinking heavily at time of daughter's conception and during pregnancy; didn't know it could harm child.] Studies of these disabilities in children whose mothers drank during pregnancy being done at Yale-New Haven Hospital by Doctors Bernard and Sally Shaywitz described. [Dr. Sally SHAYWITZ - demonstrates tests she admins. to children.] [Dr. Bernard SHAYWITZ - states results of some tests with regard to amount of drinking that is dangerous to pregnancy.] Conflict over questions of how much drinking during pregnancy is too much and whether women should be warned of dangers examined. FDA (Food and Drug Administration) proposal for warnings on liquor labels and about safe drinking limit stated; experts' sharp differences over safety limit reported Position of Dr. Morris Chavitz, 1st director of HEW's National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, against labelling stated. [CHAVITZ - notes reasons for opposing labelling.] [Former Institution on Alcohol Abuse director Dr. Ernest NOBLE - explains support for labelling; lists other methods of warning women.] Decision of labels on liquor reported to be under study by Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. Bill pending before Senate subcommittee that would require warning label on general dangers of alcohol to health, as well as to fetus, detailed.
REPORTER: Betty Furness
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