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Trans-Sexuality / Richards / United States Open / Mayes #50270

ABC Evening News for Thursday, Sep 01, 1977
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(Studio) Jimmy Connors and Bjorn Borg win respective 1st-round matches in US Open tennis tournament, in Forest Hills, New York. Main attention, however, is on battle between Wimbledon champion Virginia Wade and transsexual Renee Richards.
REPORTER: Harry Reasoner

(Forest Hills, New York) Report on Wade-Richards match, which Wade won. Richards is 1st transsexual to play in women's competition; fear among women players had been that Richards would play like man and dominate game, but today's match proves Richards is just another player on circuit. [RICHARDS - tried to blot out anything of social significance of match, and consciously match was all she thought of; but can't say what she was thinking unconsciously. Didn't play as well as she can, notes conditions, include playing Wimbledon Champ.] [WADE - looked forward to match because it was unusual and has never had so much publicity generated by opponent.] Significance of this move noted; allowing transsexuals into professional sports could cause problems for 1980 Olympics. International Olympic Committee must now come up with universal definition of what is woman.
REPORTER: Arthur Ashe

(Forest Hills, New York) Richards has spotlighted trans-sexuality; she isn't alone in such case. Toni Mayes, of Houston, Texas, is twice-divorced, ex-Navymen and father who has undergone transformation into woman. [MAYES - cites beginnings of realization that she should be woman when she was child.] While still man named Richard, Toni met coworker Ellen McDaniel, who was sympathetic. [McDANIEL - says it was case of 2 different persons; has known both and Toni is now woman she was meant to be.] [MAYES - notes people began to treat her as if she had lost intelligence, after she began appearing as woman.] Sex reassignment surgery is irreversible, so intense psychiatric cnsling. is necessary before it is performed. Mayes underwent her cnsling. at Gender Identity Clinic, 1 of 40 such centers in US. [Clinic director Dr. Paul WALKER - cites preparation procedure patient must go through before surgery is considered.] Case of patient in preliminary process, before operation, noted. [PATIENT - cites reactions.] 4 times as many men as women have surgery, with techniques so advanced that sometimes even physicians can't tell. Issue of trans-sexuality calls into question traditional views of man and womanhood.
REPORTER: Sonya Friedman

Ashe, Arthur;
Friedman, Sonya;
Reasoner, Harry

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