ABC Evening News for Monday, Jul 10, 1978
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(Studio) New program format noted; welcome given. Connection between future of United States-USSR relations and fate of men who have spoken what they believe cited.
REPORTER: Frank Reynolds
(Studio) Charges against Alexander Ginzburg and Anatoly Shcharansky stated. Restrictions on West reporters in covering trials and news program's problems due to failure of film sent from Moscow to arrive mentioned.
REPORTER: Peter Jennings
(Moscow, USSR ) Films of Shcharansky and Ginzburg shown. Membership of both in Helsinki agreement watchdog group in USSR noted. Details about Shcharansky trial, reported by his brother, Leonid, given; refusal of authorities to allow Shcharansky's mother in ctroom. noted. Charges against Shcharansky, include that he worked for CIA, outlined. 1976 film shown. [SHCHARANSKY - notes harassment he recd.; decided to send wife to Israel.] Soviet reports about trial described.
REPORTER: Charles Bierbauer
(Studio) Secretary of State Cyrus Vance's statements about dissident trials and United States-USSR relations reported Film shown. [VANCE - regrets recent actions against dissidents. Says it hasn't helped United States-USSR relations, but the two nations must continue to try to find common ground.] Vance's upcoming trip to Geneva for Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) negotiations with foreign minister Andrei Gromyko mentioned; Secretary's position against linking trials to SALT reported Senator Robert Dole's resolution to suspend SALT discussions until outcome of trials is known stated; Senator Henry Jackson's position on SALT and dissident trials and his floor speech with regard to administration USSR policy detailed. Jackson's statements about President Carter's talk and action quoted.
REPORTER: Frank Reynolds
(DC) Press Secretary Jody Powell's comments on administration view of dissident trials and relations with USSR given. Powell's report that trials won't be allowed to upset SALT, but that other phases of United States-USSR relations are under review outlined. Meeting of five American Jewish leaders with national security adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski noted. [National Conference on Soviet Jewry spokesperson Stanley LOWELL - has learned that Soviets are pragmatic: when they are hurt they'll change, when not hurt won't change. Says there are lots of ways in which United States can hurt Soviets.] Jewish immigration from USSR in last few years described; graph shown. White House view that dissident trials may be aimed directly at President Carter examined.
REPORTER: Sam Donaldson
(Jerusalem, Israel) Prime Min. Menahem Begin's remarks about dissident trials and actions Carter can take reported [BEGIN - says Carter can write personally to Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev and demand that Shcharansky be freed and allowed to go to Israel. Says if it's intervention, it's legitimate.] Vandalism at Jerusalem's Russian Orthodox church by Jewish Defense League and prayer vigil at Wailing Wall noted.
REPORTER: Bill Seamans
(Studio) Film of Shcharansky's wife, Avital (Natalia), shown; is noted she lives in Israel but is in Paris launching campaign to help husband. Her plans to go to Washington, DC mentioned. Interview with reporter Jack Smith shown, during which Mrs. Shcharansky recs. First word from husband that she's had in 16 months. [Mrs. SHCHARANSKY - doesn't believe husband is guilty; says he's done nothing against Soviet law, but is active for Jewish movement because he wants to go to Israel. Notes husband's work in group in Moscow. Thinks Soviet actions are criminal and destroy human rights. Is worried about possibility that death sentence may be carried out against husband.]
REPORTER: Peter Jennings
(Studio) Shcharansky's mother's request for help from Harvard law professor and Soviet law expert Alan Dershowitz noted. Attorney's failure to be able to defend Shcharansky reported Interview with Dershowitz shown; he's asked to compare and contrast Soviet and American trials for treason. [DERSHOWITZ - describes Soviet treason trial; mentions that Shcharansky refused attorney approved by KGB. Calls trial farce. Says there's no possibility that Shcharansky will be found innocent; discusses possibility that Shcharansky might be freed later. Lists reasons Shcharansky is being tried, include his being Jewish and leader of Helsinki movement States message this trial gives to other dissidents.] Dershowitz' comment that President Carter's human rights position has helped dissident movement reported.
REPORTER: Barbara Walters
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