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US-USSR Relations / Dissident Trials / Effects #54658

ABC Evening News for Tuesday, Jul 11, 1978
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(Studio) Tension in United States-USSR relations due to dissident trials in USSR noted.
REPORTER: Frank Reynolds

(DC) Expected upcoming report from Sovs. about alleged United States espionage agent arrested and expelled from country detailed. Foreign minister Andrei Gromyko's warning to Secretary of State Cyrus Vance that such incidents would be publicized if 2 Soviet citizens arrested on spy chgs. in United States not allowed to return home reported Films shown. USSR report noted as expected during espionage trial of Anatoly Filatov. (Technical difficulty.)
REPORTER: John Scali

(Studio) Restatement of facts in previous report given. Conflict in Congress about USSR dissident trials, both within Congress and between Congress and President Carter noted. Senator resolution about trials stated. Concern about ongoing Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) talks outlined.
REPORTER: Frank Reynolds

(DC) [Senator minister leader Howard BAKER - says Americans are fed up with Soviet intrusion into Africa and Mideast and now with dissident trials. States own feelings about situation.] Mrs. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's visit to Capitol described. Senator Henry Jackson's call for cancellation of American firms' export licenses, like those of Dresser Inds., of Dallas, and Sperry Univac, reported [Senator Patrick MOYNIHAN - says sending Secretary of State to Geneva and allowing exports is participation in USSR actions.] [Mrs. SOLZHENITSYN - (thru translator) says only language Communists understand is force.] Mtg. of Helsinki agreement monitoring group mentioned. [Senator Bob PACKWOOD - comments on dissident trials.] Congress frustration described; compared to that after Vietnam and Panama Canal treaty.
REPORTER: Don Farmer

(Studio) President Carter's recent statement about USSR pressures on United States quoted. Press Secretary Jody Powell's report of considerations of other measures responding to Soviet trials and statement that President has tried to win freedom of 2 dissidents. Carter's plans to go on with Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) noted. Possible meeting between Carter and Mrs. Shcharansky, who will arrive in United States on Wednesday, reported.
REPORTER: Frank Reynolds

(Studio) Report on European protests against Shcharansky and Ginzburg trials, incl. those in Paris and London; film shown. French Communists' denunciation of Soviet actions noted. Mrs. Shcharansky's participation in march mentioned.
REPORTER: Peter Jennings

(Moscow, USSR ) Details given about situation in Moscow at Shcharansky trial. Inability of his mother, Ida Milgrom, to get into court noted. Dissident Nobel Prize winner Andrei Sakharov's division of time between Shcharansky trial and that of Ginzburg in Kaluga reported Details of Ginzburg trial, include expulsion of his wife, Irina, given. Court official Mogomet Pirbudagor's news briefing each day examined. Chgs. that Shcharansky had dealings with former "Los Angeles Times" correspondent, Robert Toth, cited. Other dissidents who have already been tried listed.
REPORTER: Charles Bierbauer

(DC Studio) Interview with "Los Angeles Times" reporter Robert Toth. [TOTH - admits friendship with Shcharansky; thinks dissident would readily admit same. Says being friend of American journalist is almost enough to bring chgs. against Soviet citizen, explains. Discusses Shcharansky's stamina for ordeal ahead.]
REPORTER: Ted Koppel

(Studio) Examination of Soviet timing of trials given, include views about Moscow's linkage of Shcharansky with CIA, despite President Carter's public denial of such. Other points discussed are Carter's human rights position and Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT). Upcoming American-Soviet meeting on arms control in Geneva mentioned.
REPORTER: Peter Jennings

(Geneva, Switzerland) Statements of Vance and Gromyko about upcoming talks and about tensions between 2 ntns. reported possible changes in positions re: expected advances on issue of building of bigger missile systems outlined. Vance's upcoming meeting with Mrs. Shcharansky in Geneva mentioned.
REPORTER: Barrie Dunsmore

Bierbauer, Charles;
Dunsmore, Barrie;
Farmer, Don;
Jennings, Peter;
Koppel, Ted;
Reynolds, Frank;
Scali, John

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