NBC Evening News for Sunday, May 22, 1988
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(Studio: Garrick Utley) Reagan's plans to stop at Helsinki, Finland, on way to Moscow reported Report introduced.
(DC: John Cochran) Linking of Reagan's scheduled Helsinki speech to USSR human rights issues explained; scenes shown from 1975 of President Gerald Ford signing Helsinki accords on European security and cooperation by which West ntns. formally accepted existence of Soviet bloc in E. Europe. [Johns Hopkins Univ. Arthur HARTMAN - says Helsinki Agreement recognized factual situation.] Response of Soviet dissidents to Leonid Brezhnev's relaxation of restrictions as part of accords recalled; scenes shown; details given of cases of dissidents Andrei Sakharov and Anatoly Scharansky [SCHARANSKY - says practically all of us were arrested.] Change in policy allowing Soviet citizens, include Jews, to emigrate after USSR invasion of Afghanistan reported; scenes shown. Mtgs. of USSR and United States delegations, led by Max Kampelman, to grapple with issues in early 1980s recalled. [State Department counselor KAMPELMAN - says USSR used psychiatric hospitals as political punishment.] Changes in USSR policies after rise of Gorbachev detailed; scenes shown. [SCHARANSKY - discusses status of dissidents under Gorbachev.] Official United States report of human rights issues in USSR outlined on screen. [HARTMAN - says USSR can no longer say human rights issues are not US' business] Changing views of Helsinki Agreement reiterated.
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