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A Balance of Powers: US-USSR Relations (Part I) #81639

ABC Evening News for Monday, Nov 14, 1983
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(Studio) Assessment of need to improve US-USSR relations by USSR 's affairs expert Georgi Arbatov quoted. Perceptions and misperceptions held by United States and USSR citizens of each other examined; films shown. [American and Soviet STUDENTS - (thru translator) state their concept of each other.] Historical foundation for mutual misunderstanding considered. [Council on For. Relations spokesperson professor Robert LEGVOLD - cites difficulty in changing entrenched attitudes.] Consistency in USSR attitude towards United States and fluctuation in United States perception of Soviets during past 50 years discussed. [November 1933, Franklin D. ROOSEVELT - feels both ntns. desire peace.] [Former ambassador Malcolm TOON - notes USSR was deeply offended at delay in United States recognition.] Change in US attitude from that during Charles Lindbergh's tour of Moscow after Joseph Stalin's purges became known recalled. Impact on Soviet mentality of Germany's invasion during World War II despite US-USSR allied relationship cited. [Former "New York Times" Moscow bureau chief Harrison SALISBURY - describes USSR insecurity; feels United States and Congress have exploited that sensitivity.] Unraveling of alliance following United States use of atomic bomb on Japan explained; United States and USSR propaganda films shown. 1946 Gallup poll of US public attitude toward USSR outlined. [1946, Harry TRUMAN - calls for united front against communism] Impact of USSR blockade of West Berlin, its 1st atomic bomb testing, signing of nonaggression pact with China (PR) on American perceptions of Soviets discussed. [Institute for E.-W. Sec. Studies spokesperson Dr. Stephen LARRABEE - believes United States oscillation between euphoria and pessimism over US-USSR relations has contributed to tension.] Factors affecting changes in United States attitude toward USSR since 1953 listed; response in United States to Leonid Brezhnev's 1973 visit recalled. Current status of public disapproval of USSR in light of Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and downing of Korean airliner noted. [AREATOV - claims public in United States and elsewhere doesn't care about Soviet viewpoint.] [LEGVOLD - describes USSR perception of United States attitude toward them.] Mutual lack of understanding between both ntns. cited. [Prof. Seweryn BIALER - comments on problems of USSR in grasping United States mentality.] [LARRABEE - describes traditional approach of United States President to USSR .] [BIALER - cites lack of mutual trust.] [TOON - considers basis of primary danger with US-USSR relations]
REPORTER: Peter Jennings

Jennings, Peter

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