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A Balance of Powers: US-USSR Relations (Part II) #81660

ABC Evening News for Tuesday, Nov 15, 1983
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(Studio) Report introduced
REPORTER: Peter Jennings

(West Germany) United States and USSR military strengths and weaknesses examined in detail; films shown. [January 21, President REAGAN - February 24, 1982, Defense Secretary Caspar WEINBERGER, November 22, 1982, REAGAN - claim USSR is militarily stronger than US.] [Strategic analyst, Kings College, Lawrence FREEDMAN - discusses numbers game played in analyzing USSR military strength.] Size of each nation's armed forces compared on screen. [General Bernard ROGERS - claims Soviet army's size is only basis for considering USSR a super-power.] Impact of World War I and II on Soviet mentality explained; films of that era shown. United States approach to offsetting Soviet advantage considered. [Defense Department Soviet expert Dr. Paul HOLMAN - feels USSR 's unofficial perception of United States is more threatening than our perception of them; explains.] Performance of United States and USSR fighter planes over Lebanon last year, flown respectively by Israelis and Syrians, recalled; technological edge of United States forces in West Europe said used to counter USSR 's numerical superiority. [Lieutenant Colonel John LAUHER - believes he's at the advantage with F-15.] [S/sergeant Roy FULLER - describes M-1 tank's advantage over Soviet forces.] Fear that nuclear balance between the 2 ntns. is shifting and thus implications for full-scale nuclear confrontation rather than conventional warfare considered. [General Bennie DAVIS - agrees with Reagan's claim that United States lags behind USSR .] Criticism that United States oversells USSR threat and places too little value on actual US strength discussed; exs. given. [Sir James EBERLE - doesn't believe either side has great advantage.] Attitude of each nation at present towards increasing nuclear capabilities described; United States edge in surviving and responding to 1st strike explained. [EBERLE - illustrates that portion of United States nuclear strike program which remains invulnerable to USSR .]
REPORTER: John McWethy

Jennings, Peter;
McWethy, John

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