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A Balance of Powers: US-USSR Relations (Part VI) #81774

ABC Evening News for Monday, Nov 21, 1983
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(Studio) Report introduced
REPORTER: Peter Jennings

(Langley, Virginia) Intelligence efforts of United States and USSR , principally through CIA and KGB, respectively, examined in detail; films shown. General pros and cons of each agency outlined. [Former CIA director William COLBY - feels KGB corresponds to CIA, FBI, border and state police, Treasury, Secret Service combined.] Extent of KGB's control of military and pols., include invasion of Afghanistan in which President Hafizullah Amin was murdered, described. [Journalist Leopold LABEDZ - believes KGB's destruction and containment of Soviet dissident movement is its primary success in past decades.] Ease of KGB in obtaining high technology information from US, usually through legal means, described; alleged Soviet bloc spy James Durwood Harper's theft of sensitive information from Systems Control in Palo Alto, California, cited as example Details of Harper's activities with Polish spies working for KGB recalled; impact of his work on United States security noted. Gunter Guillaume's role as KGB "sleeper" in West Germany discussed; his association with German Chancellor Willy Brandt recalled. Illya Dzhirkvelov's use of disinformation technique in Tanzania in 1960s to sway public opinion against Peace Corps examined. [DZHIRKVELOV - recalls bribing Tanzanian journalist to link Peace Corps to CIA.] Peace Corps recalled thrown out of Tanzania. Alexei Dumov's similar use of disinformation to organization anti- US demonstrations in Switzerland cited as another example; Swiss government mentioned expelling Dumov. No. KGB spies expelled from West ntns. so far this year, especially France, recalled. Similarities between KGB and CIA outlined; KGB Colonel Oleg Pinkovsky recalled providing information to United States during 1962 Cuban missile crisis. CIA's once covert operations recalled exposed by Congress during 1970s reign of then KGB director Yuri Andropov. [1975, Senator Frank CHURCH - displays secret dart guns.] CIA's efforts to destabilize Salvador Allende's government in Chile, its assassination of Congo's Patrice Lumumba, plots to assassinate Fidel Castro, CIA's participation in Watergate recalled. [Former CIA deputy director Ray CLINE - describes impact on agency of Church's investigation; notes Jimmy Carter and Stansfield Turner fired experienced CIA operatives.] CIA's failure to accurately assess Iranian crisis, which eventually lead to fall of Shah and seizure of United States hostages, noted. President Reagan's approach to rebuilding CIA with backing of Moslem rebels in Afghanistan, aiding anti-Khomeini Iranians, backing efforts to overthrow Nicaraguan government, backing Pol Pot in Cambodia noted; CIA's gains in spy satellite programs discussed. [COLBY - describes sophistication of spy satellites.]
REPORTER: Pierre Salinger

(Studio) Part VII announced.
REPORTER: Peter Jennings

Reporter(s):
Jennings, Peter;
Salinger, Pierre
Duration:
00:08:10

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