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A Balance of Powers: US-USSR Relations (Part VII) #81790

ABC Evening News for Tuesday, Nov 22, 1983
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(Studio) Report introduced
REPORTER: Peter Jennings

(Honduras) Methods used by both United States and USSR to increase their respective spheres of influence examined in detail; films shown. President Reagan's recent trip to Korean DMZ (demilitarized zone) recalled; American and Soviet proxy wars in Third World discussed. United States economy and military aid to Honduras described. [Lieutenant Colonel Robert DIAZ - explains purpose of United States military presence in Honduras.] United States war against Nicaragua, through US-backed rebels operating out of Honduras, and increase communist world aid to Nicaragua as result considered; question of El Salvador's loyalty to United States mentioned. United States takeover of Grenada recently recalled. [Prof. Adam ULAM - notes United States and USSR constantly try to 1-up the other.] Extent of United States and USSR military presence in Third World ntns. illustrated on map; propaganda competition through Voice of America and Radio Moscow noted. American and Soviet arms deliveries to Third World from 1978-1982 graphed on screen. [Prof. Samuel HUNTINGTON - feels USSR has changed from exporting ideology to arms.] [President REAGAN - claims United States has obligation to promote its ideals.] [ULAM - discusses United States governor's lack of concern over Third World ntns.' oppression of human rights, lack of democracy.] Change in allegiance of Egypt (from Nasser's Pro-USSR stance to Anwar Sadat's pro-US) and Somalia noted; current political climates in Angola, Afghanistan described. [HUNTINGTON - believes United States is more actively challenging USSR in their backyard.] Inability of both United States and USSR to control rising Third World ntns. seeking self-determination considered. [UN assistant secretary general Ambassador Iqbal AKHUND - describes attitude of developing ntns. to superpowers.] Films of invasion of Czechoslovakia, Vietnam war, Mideast conflicts shown. [Prof. Seweryn BIALER - fears regional conflicts will escalate beyond control of both US and USSR .]
REPORTER: Richard Threlkeld

(Studio) "Nightline" announced.
REPORTER: Peter Jennings

Jennings, Peter;
Threlkeld, Richard

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