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A Balance of Powers (Part VIII) #81796

ABC Evening News for Wednesday, Nov 23, 1983
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(Studio) Report introduced
REPORTER: Peter Jennings

(Suitland, MD) Segment considers arms control efforts. 1945 bombing of Hiroshima shown. [1963, President KENNEDY - says mankind must put an end to war.] [1964, President JOHNSON - speaks of destruction of destructive weapons.] [1977, President CARTER - speaks of elimination of all nuclear weapons.] [1983, President REAGAN - says nuclear war must never be fought.] Nuclear protests in London, Paris, Rome, Berlin shown. Geneva talks scenes shown. 1972 scenes of President Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev signing of SALT I shown. anti-ballistic missile treaty recalled. Failure of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) II to be approved considered. Reasons for failure of arms control listed as (1) USSR international behavior, especially in Afghanistan and Poland, and shooting down of KAL-007; (2) disillusionment with arms control process, multiple warheads on single missile, for instance; (3) American pols., with arms control a hot political issue every 4 years. [January 1980, candidate REAGAN - speaks of refusal to observe Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) II treaty.] [April 1983, Senator Gary HART, Senator Alan CRANSTON - speak of arms control.] [Carnegie Endowment William HYLAND - says arms control is big pols.] 1979 signing of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) II by President Carter and Brezhnev shown. [SALT I negotiator Gerald SMITH - says US record as negotiator not good.] Nuclear protest demonstrations shown as background to present Geneva talks. START talks, and IMF talks mentioned. Today's walkout by USSR from IMF talks noted. United States plans to offset USSR missiles in E. Europe noted. Possibility of USSR missile-firing subs off United States coast and/or long-range missiles aimed at US Northwest remarked. Further dangers caused by technology advances noted. [SALT II negotiator Paul WARNKE - speaks of sea launch missiles.] Exotic space weapons cited as possible. [Senator Charles MATHIAS - says technology sweeps mankind into vortex.] [Former National Sec. Adviser Zbigniew BRZEZINSKI - speaks of implications of arms control.] Hope for arms control efforts stated.
REPORTER: Rick Inderfurth

Inderfurth, Rick;
Jennings, Peter

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