This program is 28 minutes long
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's speech at United Nations during his United States visit outlined. Report introduced.
(UN: Walter Rodgers) Announcement by Gorbachev that USSR will unilaterally cut its armed forces reported; details of plan outlined on screen, scenes shown from UN. [GORBACHEV - (thru translator) explains proposed reduction of forces; discusses cooperation with next president administration; comments on Soviet foreign policy.] Analysis of Gorbachev's speech given; resignation of Soviet chief of staff Sergei Akhromeyev noted.
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Gorbachev's vision of international relations detailed. Report introduced.
(Governors Island, New York: Sam Donaldson) Gorbachev's meeting with President Reagan and President-elect George Bush featured; scenes shown of the three men. [At luncheon, REAGAN, BUSH - approve of Gorbachev's troop reduction initiative.] [Secretary of State George SHULTZ - explains the leaders' discussion; says Soviet troops must leave Afghanistan.] Scenes shown of three leaders viewing Statue of Liberty.
(Studio: Peter Jennings) European reaction to Gorbachev's announcement of unilateral reduction reported Report introduced.
(DC: Bob Zelnick) Nature of Gorbachev's proposal reviewed; proposed armed forces cuts outlined on screen; strengths of Warsaw Pact countries and NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) compared. [Defense analyst Phillip KARBER - says chances of surprise attack from E. Europe will be reduced.] Impact of Soviet initiative on incoming Bush administration examined; United States defense spending issue and US-NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) relationship noted.
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Report introduced.
(Moscow, USSR : Jerry King) Reaction at home in USSR to Gorbachev's UN speech reported; scenes shown; reaction of Soviet couple (named) cited as example Gorbachev's problems at home with economy, Estonia's quest from further independent and ethnic unrest in Armenia and Azerbaijan detailed. This morning's earthquake in Armenia noted; scenes shown of damages.
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Issue of relations between Israel and Palestinians noted. Report introduced.
(Stockholm, Sweden: Don Kladstrup) Stmt. from PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) leader Yasir Arafat that may clarify PLO's position on recognition of Israel's existence reported; details given of document reaffirming independent Palestinian state and recognition of Israel, scenes shown of Arafat in Stockholm. [ARAFAT - says Palestinian National Council (PNC) has accepted two states.] Presence of American Jews at conference noted. [International Center for Peace in the Middle East spokesperson Rita HAUSER - comments on recognition issue.]
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Reaction of Secretary of State George Shultz to Arafat's statement cited. Report introduced.
(Gaza Strip: Dean Reynolds) Reaction in Israel to Arafat's statement reported [Israeli Prime Min. Yitzhak SHAMIR - calls it a public relations move; says PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) must cease its existence.] [Ex-Israeli ambassador to United States Ephraim EVRON - says basic attitude toward Palestinians is same.]
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Black nationalist leader Nelson Mandela reported moved from clinic to guarded residence in South Africa.
(Studio: Peter Jennings) American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) and Sprint reported awarded government long distance telephone contracts.
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Federal Aviation Administration reported fining 29 airlines for poor security; details given.
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Death of singer Roy Orbison reported Report introduced.
(Hollywood, California: Gary Shepard) Orbison's music career reviewed; concert and recording scenes shown; Elvis Presley mentioned.
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Report introduced.
(Boston, Massachusetts: Tim Johnson) Concern over cholesterol in diets of children featured; details given of crusade against cholesterol, case of child Catherine Pilvallay cited as example [MOTHER - says daughter has not complained about new diet.] Med. study in Louisiana noted. [Study head Dr. Gerald BERENSON - says heart disease begins in childhood.] Controversy over testing children for cholesterol explained. [American Health Fndn. Dr. Nancy HALEY - discusses findings of fats in children's diets.] Opposition to routine testing by American Academy of Pediatrics noted. [Academy representative Dr. Laurence FINBERG - says there may not be payoff for cost of testing.] Vienna, Virginia, children Jamie and Cory Harmon cited as example; scenes shown of children taking part in program to monitor cholesterol levels. [MOTHER - comments.]
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Doctors' concern over parents who overreact to children's diets stated.
(Studio: Peter Jennings) Reaction of New Yorkers to USSR leader Mikhail Gorbachev's visit to city reported; scenes shown of motorcade and of Raisa Gorbachev. First day for Gorbachevs reviewed.