This program is 28 minutes long
(Studio) Upcoming items outlined.
REPORTER: Tom Jarriel; Jules Bergman; HR; Geraldo Rivera
(Studio) Allan Bakke reverse discrimination suit is argued before Supreme Court
(DC) Many wait court hearing of Bakke case. Background, which began with Bakke's rejection at University of California Med. School at Davis, noted.
REPORTER: Tim O'Brien
(DC) Remarks of Chief Justice Warren Burger, defense attorney Archibald Cox, Solicitor General Wade McCree and Bakke attorney Reynold Colvin noted. [COLVIN - says plaintiff's case has never claimed this is a landmark decision; thinks Supreme Court can affirm California decision that Bakke's rights were violated and can do so without making big changes in progress that's been made.] Cox says if Bakke wins, it could destroy affirmative action programs. Court's decision, expected in few mos., could affect attitude in nation toward promoting minorities in all aspects of life.
REPORTER: Tom Jarriel Artist: Fred Reiter
(Studio) Space shuttle Enterprise makes another successful test flight, this one especially significant because of changes in craft.
REPORTER: Barbara Walters
(Edwards AFB, California) Report on shuttle flight, important because it's just as if craft was reentering from space. Protective tail cone has been removed; flight is success. However, in recent tests of engines that propel shuttle, one exploded. (NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) film shown.) NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) says film makes explosion look worse than it was, but admits serious problems remain. 1st manned flight of orbiter was scheduled for March, 1979, but now looks as if it might be June, if not later; costs are rising, too.
REPORTER: Jules Bergman
(Los Angeles, California) Report on solar eclipse, which occurred today. There was total eclipse only in Pacific Ocean and small part of South American Crowd gathers at Griffith Observatory to witness partial eclipse in US.
REPORTER: Jim Mitchell
(Studio) 2 Colorado men who left Maine on Monday in attempt to be 1st to cross Atlantic in balloon have failed. Balloon is ditched in ocean off Nova Scotia; no word on problems.
REPORTER: Barbara Walters
(Studio) Cntry.'s crime rate declines for 1st half of year, but FBI says decline was only in property crimes, like burglary, and that violent crimes, like rape and assault, incrd. Drugs remain major factor in crime. Federal officials now say chemical PCP is nation's most dangerous new drug fad. Survey done for National Institute on Drug Abuse finds 1/3 of children interviewed have used PAP.
(No location given) Chemical PCP is used to spice up marijuana and even oregano; its street name is "angel dust" and it's become rage, mostly among teens. Chemical high from PCP lasts sometimes for days and can be deadly. [Psychiatrist Dr. Sidney COHEN - notes effects produced by PCP are so close to schizophrenia that it's often misdiagnosed as schizophrenia. Cites other effects drug can produce, include convulsions, high blood pressure and suspected brain damage.] PCP was originally developed in 1950's as human anesthetic, but was never mktd. because of erratic &often dangerous side effects; is legally used now only as animal tranquilizer. Drug pushers then discovered manufacturing process of PCP, using cheap chemicals legally available; DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) officials estimate there are many home labs, mostly in South California, producing PCP for rest of nation Film shown of young girl brought to Harlem Hospital, diagnosed as probably having overdosed on hallucinogenic drug, probably PCP, producing severe episode of paranoid schizophrenia, most common side effect of bad trip on drug. All experts seem to agree on dangers of using PCP, but even more upsetting is age of children using it. At one Los Angeles school, it has become favorite drug of kids as young as 13. [BOY - likes way it makes him feel. Has recently smoked angel dust; got it from streets. Says it's all over. Gets money to pay for it here and there.] [GIRL - started out on pills and drinking, got into marijuana and then angel dust. Smokes it every day and doesn't think it will damage brain. Can get it easily.] PCP can't be blamed on Mafia or foreign cntry., since it's strictly homemade. Steadily incring. number of deaths resulting from drug overdoses is being attributed to kids getting dusted.
REPORTER: Geraldo Rivera
(Studio) President Carter signs bill appropriating money to rehabilitate urban areas. Bill carries amendment with regard to building in flood-prone areas. REPORTER: Barbara Walters
(Cape Giradeau, Missouri) (Films of Johnstown, Pennsylvania, flood shown.) 4 years ago, Congress developed program for ntly. subsidized flood insurance; success of program noted. But now, amendment to urban bill Carter has signed would undercut program. In return for subsidy on flood insurance, government has required towns to use minimum building standards in flood areas. This has brought objections from towns like Cape Giradeau, on Mississippi River. Program requires that developers use expensive flood-proofing techniques; developers and city officials don't like it. [Cape Giradeau Mayor Howard TOOKE - thinks it's beyond responsibility of federal or any other government to protect man if he wishes to take risk of endangering own property.] Dvt. in Cape Giradeau goes on; residents say it's more important than flood insurance As he signs bill, President acknowledges provision will hurt flood insurance program, but any big bill has compromise.
REPORTER: Charles Gibson
(Studio) President Carter again urges Congress to put limit on hospital costs; appeal is sent to Senate committee considering such bill. Govt. has halted project to uncover Medicaid cheats because it found too many. Searching for 500 cases of abuse, 47,000 were found; officials decided so many prosecutions couldn't be handled, so worst 2500 will be prosecuted.
(Studio) Has been reported that President Carter was thinking of asking Panama's President Omar Torrijos to clarify United States rights under Canal treaty. White House announces that Torrijos will visit United States on Friday President also moves on another program in trouble: energy.
(DC) Carter will make another media blitz effort to get public and cong. support for energy plan. [CARTER - says energy crisis is more severe now than 6 mos. ago. Thinks it important that he go back to cntry., as end of congress session nears, and reaffirm reasons for adoption of comprehensive energy policy.] How message will be taken to people isn't yet known; Press Secretary Jody Powell and others work on this most of day. News conference is set for Thursday and other media events possible. Powell admits administration has been distracted from energy program by issues such as Lance affair and Mid. East, but not now; Powell's comments cited.
REPORTER: Sam Donaldson
(Studio) Carter news conference coverage noted. Carter's remarks on Mid. East peace conference and Israeli cabinet approval of formula for it noted. State Department says question of Palestinian representative remains unresolved.
(Studio) Agriculture Department reports record corn crop. Columbia University study finds women who smoke during pregnancy almost twice as likely to lose babies thru spontaneous abortion, as those who don't.
REPORTER: Barbara Walters
(Studio) Los Angeles Dodgers and Ny Yankees clash in 1977 World Series.
REPORTER: Barbara Walters
(NYC) (Films of Jim "Catfish" Hunter shown.) Hunter's success noted. Precedents detailed. Hunter's physical problems this year recalled. [HUNTER - thinks he's ready and was ready when playoffs started. Cites probable reasons for manager Billy Martin's choosing him for tonight's game. Is too dumb to get scared by game; goes out to try to get batters to hit instead of walk, and if he throws strikes and gets beat, that's it.]
REPORTER: Howard Cosell
(NYC) Report on success yankees have made of being inner city team and deciding to stay in Harlem site to rebuild rather than go outside area, like other clubs.
(Studio) Comment with regard to Bakke case and varying effects of outcome of Supreme Court decision. Thomas Jefferson's writing of equality, recent Gallup Poll re: preferential treatment in job opportunity for blacks and women and US history of discrimination against blacks noted.
REPORTER: Howard K. Smith